Richard A. Neher and Ulrich Gerland
Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics, vol. 73, 030902, 2006
We predict a temperature-driven phase transition of DNA below the melting transition. The additional, intermediate phase exists for repetitive sequences, when the two strands have different lengths. In this phase, the excess bases of the longer strand are completely absorbed as bulge loops inside the helical region. When the temperature is lowered, the excess bases desorb into overhanging ends, resulting in a contour length change. This continuous transition is in many aspects analogous to Bose-Einstein condensation. When the sequence is weakly disordered, the contour length changes discontinuously with temperature.